The World Environment Summit
in SDGs Virtual City
Ambassador of Costa Rica to Japan
Mr. Alexander Salas Araya
(as of August, 2020)
Good afternoon, Ladies and Gentlemen.
First of all, I want to thank to organize the 2nd World Environment Summit for inviting me.
Briefly, I will talk about my country Costa Rica of sustainable development all efforts.
Costa Rica shows some positive features. It is a peaceful country with not army. It has a high human development category for 2018. The position is 68 in the strongest democracy in Latin America. It has high investment in education. It has a good social security service system. A quarter of its territorial national parks or while protected areas.
But also, the country has some negative features. It has serious poverty problems. 20% of the population is under the extreme poverty level. It has a low level of infrastructure. It has a high level of public debt, also shows high indicators of tax evasion. There are persistent gaps in society. Also, the inequality has been growing.
On the other hand, the world is also facing three severe crisis; low of biodiversity, climate change, and now a global health pandemic that is disturbing our efforts to achieve the SDGs.
The Covid19 pandemic came out when humanity was accelerating sustainable solutions to the world's biggest challenges.
But this situation only made us reconsider what we have done and take advantage of this opportunity to rebuild our future and to promote a green reconstruction with a systemic approach clean energy and sustainable services.
We must share the importance of nature-based solutions.
It is important to increase the protection of our oceans, which are essential for our survival because they play a crucial role in regulating global temperatures.Costa Rica believes that an increase in biodiversity and ocean protection is a key element to achieve the one-point degrees to a global set in the Paris agreement.Costa Rica is acting for sustainable development. Costa Rica has understood and assumed that the entire universe along multi-dimensional nature of the SDGs.
Costa Rica established the importance of sustainable development in its constitution, which stipulates that the state should seek the greatest well being for all the country's population.
Organizing and stimulating portion of most appropriate distribution of wealth, everyone has the right to have a healthy and ecologically balanced environment. The notion of ‘living no one behind’ has been placed at the center of the country, development agenda, a specific public policies for children and Jews elderly women, migrants population with disabilities indigenous peoples and afro-descendants incorporating the sustainable development and population approach integration population to dynamics into rights basis of sustainable development with equality.
The 2030 agenda must be based on consensus on the generations of scenarios.
We consider that its implementation requires therefor to innovative public policy and management.
Implementation of the SDGs is part of the government strategy including then in an institutional planning and budget. We must ensure that no one is left behind in this process.
It is a responsibility of the state. But it cannot act alone the government has a fundamental responsibility in the conduct of development, but no less important is the contribution of other sectors considering the multi-dimensional and interconnected nature of the SDGs all girls need to advance together.
Costa Rica took an aesthetic step in September 2016 by creating a national park for the achievement of the SDGs that involved the three branches of government business sector civil society organizations universities, community organizations and local governments, partnerships between government private sector and civil society.
The government is proposing guidance for institutions the private sector social organization the academic and the scientific communities and united nations agencies for mobilizing resources to implement SDGs.
This inclusive partnership built upon principles and shared vision and goals that place people on the planet at the center are needed at their global regional national and local level.
One of the essential challenges is to embrace political decisions that provide real opportunities and capabilities for people so that they can have a better quality of life, living and carrying out the personal projects.
In 2017 Costa Rica defined three entry points established to facilitate connections exchanges and synergies for the implementation of the SDGs, fight against poverty, sustainable production and consumption, sustainable infrastructure and communities as part of this comprehensive commitment.
In 2018, Costa Rica aligned the national development and public investment plan with the SDGs in order to link the goals of 2030 agenda with state programs and public investment projects aware of the synergy that must exist between vision planning and financing for effective implementation the national plan for public development and investment2019 2022 incorporates the SDGs also.
Additionally, in 2019, Costa Rica launched the national de-carbonization plan as a roadmap toward a new paradigm that balances the environmental social and economic dimension of modern sustainable development.
Also in May 2019, Costa Rica confirmed the country’s commitment to the promotion and defense of human rights also recognizing that the country has spending challenges in this field. The national strategic plan for 2020, 2015 is based on Costa Rica’s challenges in urban planning and the potential of establish an integrated development proportion.
Additionally, this point involves actions on the effects of climate change and a reduction of CO2 emissions for this long-term development is based on a plan of de-carbonization based on the accepted recommendation. We made alignment with SDGs and population indicator.
We have developed a solid statistical capacity that has indicated for all 17 SDGs a governance committed to the process a more humane and rigorous public policy together with a solid statistical capacity of a cumulative result for the period 2017 and 2020 in which 59 % of the SDGs indicator analyzed has presented a positive trend.
13 % has a stable or regular behavior and only 28 of the indicator presented a negative trend.
However, the crisis caused by COVID 19 have generated systematic dislocation provoking a negative effect on the progress made in the SDGs in the last 5 years.
It is also a crucial moment to reaffirm our commitment to accelerate the implementation of a model of sustainable development.
Focusing on human rights and green recovery, our plans and programs must consider a fair transition towards the transformation of the economy and in taking advantage of innovation, so that the postcode 19th future is brighter with less inequality in education and more job opportunities for all.
Once again, we must ensure that no one is left behind.
Thank you for your attention.